Furlow Palatoplasty for VPI Recovery, Surgery, Procedure

Furlow Palatoplasty for VPI Recovery, Surgery, Procedure

Furlow Palatoplasty is also known as Furlow Z Plasty, is the procedure to treat a common complication in children named Velopharyngeal Insufficiency (VPI). Before coming to the main topic, we will first discuss what Velopharyngeal Insufficiency (VPI) is? When the average person is speaking, the soft palate called velum is lifted and is closed against …

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Hirayama’s Disease Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Life expectancy

Hirayama’s Disease Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Life expectancy

Hirayama’s disease is rare cervical myelopathy, and we can find it in young males. In 1959 Keizo Hirayama described this disorder as juvenile muscular atrophy of the unilateral upper extremity. Hirayama’s disease is a rare neurological disease. Its symptoms include weakness of the distal upper limb and initial progressive muscular …

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Uncal Herniation Symptoms, Causes, Types, Treatment

Uncal Herniation Symptoms, Causes, Types, Treatment

A herniation is an abnormal lump of an organ or other body part naturally or through a defect in a muscle, bone, or covering membrane. So we can say that the Uncal Herniation is a brain disease or abnormality in the brain but, before coming to its original definition, we’ll …

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Laugier Hunziker syndrome Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Laugier Hunziker syndrome Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Laugier- Hunziker syndrome (LHS) is an uncommon and scarce syndrome associated with the conditions of hyperpigmentation of oral mucosa (membrane lining in the inner side of mouth) and also the pigmentations of nails. The pigmentations are likely to be dark brown biconvex discoloration located majorly on the mucosa and beneath …

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Proximal junctional kyphosis Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Proximal junctional kyphosis Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

PJK is the most prevalent complication following a long instrumented posterior fusion in adult spinal deformity (ASD). Spine specialists defined the development of this abnormal kyphosis in various ways. The definition of PJK was first defined by Lee et al. and was commonly agreed upon by most specialists. According to …

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Myxoid chondrosarcoma Stages, Prognosis, Treatment, Life expectancy

Myxoid chondrosarcoma Stages, Prognosis, Treatment, Life expectancy

Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (EMC) is a scarce soft, fleshy muscle or tissue tumor of complex molecular and ultra-architectural characteristics. This kind of sarcoma prognosis is not easy, like other soft tissue sarcomas diagnosed by clinical and radiological findings. This sarcoma has a unique gene fusion (EWSR1-NR4A3) that helps build a …

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Heerfordt syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, prognosis

Heerfordt syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, prognosis

Heerfordt syndrome (also perceived as uveoparotid fever and Heerfordt-Waldenström syndrome) is a critical syndromal presentation of sarcoidosis. Multiple nodular sores identify sarcoidosis in the skin, eyes, internal organs, salivary glands, and lymph node enlargement. In 1909, an ophthalmologist from Denmark, C. F. Heerfordt, first described the indications – uveitis, parotid …

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Supernumerary kidney Symptoms, Causes, Complications, Treatment

Supernumerary kidney Symptoms, Causes, Complications, Treatment

Kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located under the rib cage region. Healthy kidneys are vital for a healthy life. Its function is to remove toxic waste, excessive water, and other impurities from the blood. It usually cleanses the blood, detoxifies the bladder, and then removes the toxins during …

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Kinesiophobia Meaning, Scale, Tests, and Treatment

Kinesiophobia Meaning, Scale, Tests, and Treatment

Kinesiophobia is an extreme fear of movement which develops in patients that undergo surgery or operation like a leg amputation, which requires the patient to move around and learn to walk with their new prosthetic limb. Still, due to fear, they refrain from movement on purpose to not suffer any …

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