Hamman-rich Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Hamman-rich Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Hamman-rich Syndrome refers to an acute and rapidly progressing pulmonary disease. During the 1935 year, Louis Hamman and Arnold Rich explained it for the first time and called it meteoric interstitial fibrosis associated with the lungs. However, later in 1986, Katzenstein used the terminology of AIP to distinguish it from …

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Elsberg Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Elsberg Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

In medical terms, there can be several anomalies associated with the human body. Those anomalies are categorized; as either diseases or syndromes.  Elsberg syndrome is an inflammation of the nerve roots and the lower spinal cord region. It refers to an assumed infectious syndrome. It is frequently an illustration of …

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Calyceal Stone Symptoms, Causes, Size, Treatment

Calyceal Stone Symptoms, Causes, Size, Treatment

There is no clear definition of calyceal stones and how to treat them. Especially when the disease is in its advanced stages it is difficult to diagnose and intervene properly. Most cases of calyceal stone are asymptomatic. This makes it more confusing for healthcare professionals to devise a management plan …

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Pulmonary Cryptococcosis Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Cryptococcosis or pulmonary cryptococcosis is a rare infection associated with the lungs. The microorganism Cryptococcus neoformans is the agent responsible for this infection in the human body.  Pulmonary cryptococcosis may be mild or severe depending upon the condition of the patient. For instance, in immunocompromised patients, distinctly HIV infected patients, …

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Pyriform aperture stenosis Symptoms, Causes, Genetics, Surgery

Pyriform aperture stenosis Symptoms, Causes, Genetics, Surgery

This rare birth defect is also known as PAS, in medical terminology. Pyriform aperture stenosis is a condition in which the anterior side of the nose is constricted. The bone in the upper jaw has abnormal growth. Abnormalities of the pituitary gland and single incisor tooth are associated with pyriform …

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Pachymeningitis Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Pachymeningitis Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

The abnormal thickening of the dura mater of the brain and spinal cord is an inflammatory condition that is quite rare. It is known as pachymeningitis. It depends on the condition, either it can involve the brain or spinal cord as well. There are two types of pachymeningitis.  Idiopathic pachymeningitis …

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