Loeffler’s Endocarditis Symptoms, Causes, Prognosis, Treatment

Loeffler's Endocarditis Symptoms, Causes, Prognosis, Treatment

Restrictive cardiomyopathy, also known as Loeffler endocarditis, is characterized by poor cardiac relaxation and diastolic filling. It is caused by diffuse eosinophil infiltration of the heart. W Loeffler was the first to describe it in 1936. Endomyocardial fibrosis causes reduced ventricular filling and diastolic dysfunction in Loeffler endocarditis, rare restrictive …

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Collapsing Glomerulopathy Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Collapsing Glomerulopathy Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Collapsing glomerulopathy (CGP) is a type of kidney injury found on a renal biopsy that has a variety of correlations and etiologies. This disease is common in African-Americans and others who have recently migrated from Africa. The earliest explanation of a very acute proteinuric illness with a tubular pattern of …

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Shiitake Dermatitis Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Shiitake Dermatitis Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Shiitake Dermatitis is also known; by various names like toxicodermia and flagellate erythema. Shiitake mushroom dermatitis or Shiitake dermatitis is a kind of pruritic dermatitis first described in 1977 by Nakamura. This condition is characterized; by millimeter-sized linear, erythematous, pruritic streaks resembling whiplash marks. Chinese and Japanese states have the …

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P16 Immunostain Pathology, Positive & Negative Meaning, Staining

P16 Immunostain Pathology, Positive & Negative Meaning, Staining

In biochemistry, immunostaining refers to a technique that uses an antibody-based method to detect a particular protein in the sample. This term earlier described immunohistochemical staining of tissue sections by Albert Coons in 1941. The principle of this technique is to detect an antigen in the tissues or cells by …

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Trichilemmal Cyst Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Cyst

A trichilemmal cyst is also known as a pilar, wen, or isthmus-catagen cyst. This cyst forms a hair follicle on the scalp most of the time and is visibly mobile, smooth, and filled with cytokeratin. Cytokeratin is a protein present in nails, hair, horns, and skin.  A trichilemmal cyst is …

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Venous Angioma Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Venous Angioma Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Angiomas or developmental venous anomalies (DVA) refer to a set of benign tumors derived from cells of the endothelium or the tissues surrounding these vessels. These tumors may be an indication of systemic problems such as liver disease. However, angiomas are usually not associated with malignancy. They represent the concept …

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Nitroglycerin vs Nitroprusside Mechanism, Indications, Side Effects

Nitroglycerin vs Nitroprusside Mechanism, Indications, Side Effects

Nitroglycerin medications are extended-release capsules that belong to a class of drugs, nitrates that reduce chest pain or angina in individuals affected with a heart condition associated with the coronary artery. The cause of angina is the heart muscle’s inability to receive enough blood. This medication functions by widening the …

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Wilkie’s Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Surgery, Life expectancy

Wilkie's Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Surgery, Life expectancy

Wilkie’s syndrome or superior mesenteric artery syndrome (SMA) is a kind of gastro-vascular disorder. It is an acquired disorder in which acute angulation of the superior mesenteric artery occurs. This gastrointestinal disorder is rare; it is present in approximately 0.013–0.3% of the general population. The condition is characterized; by vascular …

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Ink Spot Lentigo Symptoms, Causes, Dermoscopy, Removal

Ink Spot Lentigo Symptoms, Causes, Dermoscopy, Removal

A lentigo refers to a flat pigment or slightly raised lesion having a clearly defined edge. A lentigo is quite similar to a small-sized lentil and is distinguishable from freckle or ephelis as it does not disappear during the winter season. There are various kinds of lentigo observed in individuals. …

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Solar Lentigo Symptoms, Causes, Dermoscopy, Treatment

Solar Lentigo Symptoms, Causes, Dermoscopy, Treatment

A lentigo is a sharp, little circumcised, pigmented macule surrounded by normal skin. Individuals with lentigo may exhibit histologic findings that may involve increased basal layer pigmentation and hyperplasia of the epidermis. There are various types of lentigo depending upon the cause and where they appear on the human body. …

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