Learn Vyvanse vs Adderall vs Concerta dosage, side effects and usage of ADHD treatment medications for children and adults. Check out Vyvanse vs.Adderall dosage details for the patient who have just got switched from Adderall to Vyvanse for better ADHD symptom control.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is considered to be a neurobiological condition characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. Symptoms of ADHD in Children begins by age six to twelve and persist for more than six months for a diagnosis to be made.
ADHD in Adults present for assessment and treatment, typically have the same symptoms as children but express their symptoms in different ways. For example, hyperactivity in adults is expressed as chronic restlessness and fidgeting and impulsiveness is exhibited as impatience.
ADHD Management includes number of activities like patient counselling, lifestyle modifications physical and mental exercises and medications. However, medications should be reserved for those who are not responding to above activities or they have severe kind of mental illness.
Treatment with stimulants is effective in for 2 weeks therapy but their effectiveness in long term cases is unclear.Most commonly used stimulants are methylphenidate, adderall and Vyvanse (Lisdexamfetamine).
Vyvanse has become most prescribed stimulant in the United States. It was approved by FDA for pediatric ADHD in 2007. Later, it was approved for both adults and adolescents aged 13 to 17.
Vyvanse vs.Adderall, Concerta Dosage, Side Effects and Usage
Vyvanse, Adderall and Concerta belong to a class of drug called as central nervous stimulants.These drugs are used to treat ADHD depending upon the prescriber choice and patient condition but each has different mechanism, doasge, side effects and indications or ueses.
Does Vyvanse work better than Adderall?
Yes, Vyvanse work better than Adderall. It is much smoother, easily tolerable and last all day. Vyvanse drug delivery system is far more gentle and subtle than Adderall.
Vyvanse vs.Adderall Dosage
Vyvanse, being a prodrug of dextroamphetamine, in which the dextroamphetamine is bonded to lysine and broken down into its component parts (lysine and dextroamphetamine) by enzymatic reactions in the gut, is a little odd when it comes to dosages. On the other hand, Adderall being 75% dextro- and 25% levo-amphetamine and, thus, producing slightly different mental and physical effects than pure dextroamphetamine.
If we compare the Vyvanse vs Adderall pharmacology, below is the lisdexamfetamine equivalence to D-amphetamine:
- (Vyvanse) 30mg Lisdexamfetamine = 7.5mg D-Amphetamine (Adderall)
- (Vyvanse)50mg Lisdexamfetamine = 15.0mg D-Amphetamine (Adderall)
- (Vyvanse)70mg Lisdexamfetamine = 22.5mg D-Amphetamine (Adderall)
Thus, Vyvanse 50mg is equivalent to 20mg of Adderall XR or half that IR. Vyvanse 70mg will be equivalent to Adderall 30mg. Some patient are prescribed even Vyvanse 140mg dosage by their doctors, based on their age, metabolism and other factors.
Vyvanse Dosage, Side Effects and Usage for ADHD treatment
Vyvanse contains lisdexamfetamine as an active ingredient.Its chemical structure is based on combination of methamphetamine and amino acid L-lysine. Lisdexamfetamine is sometimes prescribed by medical practitioner for the treatment of ADHD in children aged 6 and up as well as adults.It was approved by FDA for the treatment of binge eating disorder in january 2015.
Recommended starting Vyvanse dosage for the treatment of 30mg in morning with or without food. Take it once a day because it may cause insomnia. The dose may be increase gradually depending upon the response. Maximum dose the can be administered in one day is 70mg. Vyvanse is available in the form of capsule with potency of 10mg, 20mg, 30mg, 40mg, 60mg and 70mg.
Vyvanse Side Effects
Major side effects vyvanse includes insomnia in case of over dose, tachycardia, reduced seizure threshold or increase vulnerability to seizures. Other side effects that are less common include irritability, changes in libido, behavioral changes and smooth muscle motility disorder. If you are suspecting any of these Vyvanse Side Effects, you can learn further on how long does vyvanse stay in your system.
Adderall Dosage, Side Effects and Usage for ADHD treatment
Adderall is a kind of psychostimulant drug that belongs to phenethylamine class. It may also be used in the treatment of ADHD and sometimes in the treatment of narcolepsy. Adderall has some other uses like cognitive enhancer, euphoriant and recreationally as aphrodisiac. Aderall increases the concentration of neurotransmitters like norepinephrine and dopamine.
Adderall is not suitable drug for children under 3 years of age. That’s why, it is not prescribed in children under 3 years for the treatment of ADHD. In children age 3 to 5 years, Adderall dosage start with 2. 5 mg daily. Dosage may be increased gradually of 2. 5 mg at weekly intervals until optimal response is obtained.
Adderall Side Effects
Major side effects of Adderall includes dryness of mouth, excessive grinding of teeth, cardiovascular problems like tachycardia. Other side effects that are less commonly reported are stimulation of medullary respiratory centers, bed wetting and loss of bladder control.
Concerta Dosage, Side Effects and Usage for ADHD treatment
Concerta contains mehyphenidate as an active ingredient which widely used for the treatment of ADHD. It was first approved by US Food drug and Administration in 1995 for hyperactivity treatment. Like other psychostimulant drugs , it also increases the concentration of neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine.
The recommended starting Concerta dosage is 18mg /day for children and 36mg/day for adults if they are not previously taking methylphenidate or other psychostimulants.
Concentra Side Effects
Major side effects of Concentra includes irritability in case of overdose, insomnia, withdrawal effects, appetite loss, dizziness, euphoria, nausea and palpitations. Other side effects that are less commonly reported are suicidal tendencies, mania, seizures, rigidity, stunted growth and hair loss.