Swiss Narcolepsy Scale Meaning, Range, Results, Scoring

Swiss Narcolepsy Scale Meaning, Range, Results, Scoring

Narcolepsy is defined as neurological sleep disorder which is chronic. It is characterized by severe, irresistible daytime sleepiness and sudden loss of muscle tone (cataplexy), and can be associated with sleep-onset or sleep-offset paralysis and hallucinations, frequent movement and awakening during sleep, and weight gain. The diagnosis is based upon …

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Macroorchidism Size, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Macroorchidism Size, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Macroorchidism is a disorder or a condition found in males where a person has abnormally large testes than the normal size. This condition is generally inherited and usually it is regarding delicate X disorder which is additionally the second most basic hereditary reason for intellectual incapacity. Macroorchidism by and large can be …

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Tonsillar Ectopia Symptoms, Causes, Measurement, Treatment

Tonsillar Ectopia Symptoms, Causes, Measurement, Treatment

Tonsillar ectopia is also known as tonsillar herniation, tonsillar descent or Chiari malformation type 1. It is a congenital anomaly in which the brain tissues grow extensively into the spinal canal which result in the elongation of the cerebral tonsils and pushed down the skull through an opening at the …

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Dermal Papilla Meaning, Location , Function, Structure

Dermal Papilla Meaning, Location , Function, Structure

Human skin is comprised of numerous layers and one of them is dermis or corium which lie between the epidermis and subcutaneous tissues which is commonly comprised of the thick and irregular connective tissues. It is mainly divided into parts; Papillary dermis/Dermal Papilla: The uppermost layer of the dermis which …

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Antrochoanal Polyp Symptoms, Causes, Pathology, Surgery

Antrochoanal Polyp Symptoms, Causes, Pathology, Surgery

Polyps are the benign growths of the nasal cavity which can enlarge enough to be visual in the oropharynx. Generally there are two major types of nasal polyps including; Ethmoidal polyps: These kind of polyps originates from the ethmoidal sinus and grow through the middle meatus into the main nasal …

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Vertical Diplopia Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Vertical Diplopia Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Generally Vertical diplopia is characterized as “an indication that there is a misalignment between the two eyes of a person which may lead to the double vision”. Normally when a person looks at any object two separate images generate by each of the eye and later on combined by the …

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Bertolotti’s Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Bertolotti's Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Now-a-days lower back pain (LBP) is a very common medical condition among young population which may be caused by several different reasons. Bertolotti’ssyndrome is one of those few reasons which may cause the complete or partial fusion of the lowest lumbar vertebra with the upper portion of sacrum region in …

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Neuroplasty Definition, Procedure, Complications, Care, Cost

Neuroplasty Definition, Procedure, Complications, Care, Cost

A surgical procedure to repair the damaged nerve tissues is commonly called as neuroplasty. There is a vast list of methods or treatment options which can be applied to treat a patient with back pain, including; physical therapy, pharmacotherapy, nerve block, folk remedies and so on. Neuroplasty is one of …

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Delta f508 mutation Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Delta f508 mutation Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

The full name of Delta f508 is CFTRΔ508 or F508del-CFTR and commonly graded as a mutation. These mutations can be replacements, duplications, deletions or shortenings which may lead to the non-functionality, less efficiency and/or quick degradation of the affected proteins. Naturally protein is made up of amino acids and this whole …

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