Prostate Cancer Causes, Signs and Symptoms in Men

Check out Causes along with Prostate Signs and Symptoms in Men.

Prostate is  a small walnut-shaped gland that produces the seminal fluid which is essential for the proper development of sperms.Prostate cancer is cancer of prostate gland. Prostate cancer is common type of cancer in men.

Prostate cancer progress slowly and remains confined to the prostate gland.prostate cancer has many types in which some are less fatal and have slow progression while others are highly progressive and fatal.

Prostate Cancer Causes, Signs and Symptoms in Men
Prostate Cancer Causes, Signs and Symptoms in Men

Prostate Cancer Signs and Symptoms in Men

Sometimes Prostate cancer has no sign and symptoms at its initial stage but with the passage of time when cancer becomes advance then it shows sign and symptoms. Prostate cancer in men that is more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Decreased force in the stream of urine
  • Blood in the urine
  • Blood in the semen
  • General pain in the lower back, hips or thighs
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area
  • Bone pain
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Increase urination at night(Nocturia)
  • General debility
Prostate Diagram, Anatomy and Functions
Prostate Diagram, Anatomy and Functions

Prostate Cancer Causes in Men

If we see what are the Causes of Prostate Cancer, main cause of prostate cancer is still unknown but number of risk factors that have very important role in the development of prostate cancer are discussed below.

  1. Prostate Cancer caused by Genetic Predispositions

    Genetic predisposition means if person has family history of being involved in prostate cancer then there are 30-40% chances that one can also be affected by same disease.No one single gene is being involved in prostate cancer number of different genes have been implicated.

    Research has shown that mutations in genes like BRCA1 and BRCA is an important risk factor for the development of many cancers like , and prostate cancer.

    Other genes associated with genetic predisposition are  Hereditary Prostate cancer gene 1 , androgen receptor, and the vitamin D receptor.

    Genetic Diseases
    Genetic Diseases
  2. Prostate Infection could cause Prostate Cancer

    Infection of prostate is termed as prostatitis.This infection  may be caused by bacteria,virus or sexually transmitted.This infection or prostatitis will cause  inflammation and swelling of prostate.This inflammation of the prostate may increase the risk of prostate cancer but it is still controversial because other studies has shown different results.

    Moreover, sexually transmitted diseases (STD) such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis may also increase the risk of prostate cancer..Another important risk factor of prostate cancer is obesity and elevated blood levels of .

    Prostate Infection
    Prostate Infection
  3. Prostate Cancer Caused by Aging

    Age factor is another important cause of prostate cancer because with passage of time prostate become large known as prostate hypertrophy while some people develop benign prostatic hypertrophy which is tumorous form of prostate.Age related prostate cancer is common in age of 60’s and onward.Best way to diagnose age related prostate cancer is identification prostate specific antigen and digital ultrasound that told you that what is the actual size of  your prostate.

  4. Prostate Cancer due to Dietary Deficiencies

    Research has shown that dietary deficiencies have also role in development of prostate cancer.Deficiency of minerals and important nutrients like selenium,zinc,biotin,calcium,vitamin B12 and vitamin D have role in prostate cancer development.Vitamin D is most important vitamin necessary for healthy prostate.

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For further learning please watch our video on  prostate cancer–A complete Overview!

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About Dr. Arslan Malik

Dr. Arslan Malik
Arslan Malik is noted health blogger, public health activist, aspiring dreamer and avid reader. With doctor in pharmacy, he has worked closely with various health organizations, multinational pharmaceuticals and community health programs. Beside his professional practice, he has an avid interest in writing and teaching Physiology and Medicines. He covers variety of topics from Nutrition and Natural Care to Diseases, Treatments, Drug Interactions, Preventive Care and Clinical Research.

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