Diseases

Pseudopapilledema Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Pseudopapilledema Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Pseudopapilledema is a medical condition that refers to the irregular elevation of one or both optic discs without edema of the retinal nerve fiber layer. The retinal fiber layer is formed; by optic nerve fibers expansion. The sparing of this layer is of vital importance in disease treatment; it serves …

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Periventricular Leukomalacia in Symptoms, Stages, Causes, Treatment

Periventricular Leukomalacia in Symptoms, Stages, Causes, Treatment

PVL or periventricular leukomalacia is the softening of; the white brain tissue near the ventricles. These ventricles are fluid-filled; they contain CSF or cerebrospinal fluid. This white matter is the inner part of the brain. It is a brain injury characterized by necrosis or coagulation of white matter near the …

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Sticky Platelet Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Sticky Platelet Syndrome Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Platelets are the type of cells that circulate within the blood inside our body and bind together when they encounter any damaged blood vessel. Their function is to stop the bleeding from the body in case of any injury by coagulation. Some foods serve best with the purpose of a …

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Tornwaldt Cyst Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Tornwaldt Cyst Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Tornwaldt cyst is also known; by various names such as Thornwaldt cyst or nasopharyngeal cyst. It is present in the upper posterior nasopharynx. A nasopharynx refers to the upper part of the throat behind the nose. The opening of either side of the nasopharynx leads into the ear. The function …

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Penile Hematoma Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Penile Hematoma Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

In medicine, hematoma refers to the condition of collection of blood outside of the blood vessels. This condition can arise due to the injury of a small capillary, artery, or vein.  There are various types of hematoma. A penile hematoma, as the name indicates, is the collection of blood out …

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Calyceal Stone Symptoms, Causes, Size, Treatment

Calyceal Stone Symptoms, Causes, Size, Treatment

There is no clear definition of calyceal stones and how to treat them. Especially when the disease is in its advanced stages it is difficult to diagnose and intervene properly. Most cases of calyceal stone are asymptomatic. This makes it more confusing for healthcare professionals to devise a management plan …

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Pyriform aperture stenosis Symptoms, Causes, Genetics, Surgery

Pyriform aperture stenosis Symptoms, Causes, Genetics, Surgery

This rare birth defect is also known as PAS, in medical terminology. Pyriform aperture stenosis is a condition in which the anterior side of the nose is constricted. The bone in the upper jaw has abnormal growth. Abnormalities of the pituitary gland and single incisor tooth are associated with pyriform …

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