Learn all about absolute monocytes low, high, normal range and blood test.
Monocytes are produced in the bone marrow and then enter the blood, where they account for about 1 to 10% of the circulating white blood cells (200 to 600 monocytes per microliter of blood). After a few hours in the blood, monocytes migrate to tissues (such as spleen, liver, lungs, and bone marrow tissue), where they mature into macrophages.
The presence of a large amount of monocytes in your complete blood count may indicate a chronic inflammatory process like autoimmune conditions, or TB, viral infections such as mumps, mono, measles, or a parasitic infection. The monocytes do not cause these issues but they may lead your practitioner to look for further clarification by having other tests ordered. They are a product of your body’s immune response.
Patient must be comfortably seated. The Monocyte Absolute count may require 1 – 2 tubes of the blood sample based on the person’s condition. A Band is tied up tightly on arm and the vein is identified for drawing out the blood. The vein area is wiped with Alcohol cleansing pad and the syringe is injected to draw out the required amount of blood. Once the blood is drawn, cotton or band-aid is placed on the pricked area and the blood is saved.
This test measures the amount of monocytes in blood. Monocytes are a type of white blood cell (WBC). This test is used to evaluate and manage blood disorders, certain problems with the immune system, and cancers, including monocytic leukemia. This test may also be used to evaluate for the risk of complications after a heart attack.
What is Absolute Monocytes?
Absolute Monocyte Count test is performed on a sample of blood to measure the level of Absolute Monocyte Count in the blood. It is performed to detect Brucellosis, Infection and Tuberculosis.
Absolute Monocytes Low Count
When 100 cells are counted and the other cell group is a bit increased, then the other cell group like monocytes here may turn countwise low. If you go for a blood test and it turns out that you have abnormally low monocytes, also called monocytopenia, it could signal a serious health condition. A “low” monocyte classification would show less than one or two percent monocyte presence in white blood cells.
Absolute Monocytes High Count
An increased number of monocytes in the blood (monocytosis) occur in response to chronic infections, in autoimmune disorders, in blood disorders, and in certain cancers. An increase in the number of macrophages in parts of the body other than in the blood (such as the lungs, skin, and other organs) can occur in response to infections, sarcoidosis, and Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
Absolute Monocytes Normal Range
The normal result for Absolute Monocyte Count is 0-10 cells per microliter of blood for Unisex gender and for all age groups. A normal range is between one percent and 10% of total white blood cells, although some suggest it is between two percent and 10%. Absolute monocyte ranges are considered normal if they are between 200/400 to 600/1,000 cells per microliter of blood. Having low monocytes or high monocytes at the time of testing does not always indicate there is a problem, so follow-up tests may be required. Monocytes are from 0.2–1.0×109/l (2–10%). When monocytes are high, it’s always possible the source is a normal immune response to an acute situation. On the other hand, if they are too low, it likely means either you are not producing enough monocytes or they are being destroyed too early.
Absolute Monocytes Blood Test
Absolute monocyte test is done by drawing the sample of blood. A laboratory specialist puts a drop of blood from your sample on a clear glass slide and smears it to spread the blood around. Then, they stain the blood smear with a dye that helps to differentiate the types of white blood cells in the sample. The lab specialist then counts the number of each white blood cell type.
The specialist may do a manual blood count, visually identifying the number and size of cells on the slide. Your specialist might also use an automated blood count. In this case, a machine analyzes your blood cells based on automated measurement techniques. Automated count technology uses electrical, laser, or photo detection methods to provide a highly accurate portrait of the size, shape, and number of blood cells in a sample. A 2013 study showed that these methods are very accurate, even across different types of machines that do automatic blood counts.