What is Paresthesia? Definition, Causes, Treatment, Symptoms, ICD 9

Learn what is Paresthesia? its definition, causes, treatment, symptoms, and ICD 9-10 medical documentation.

We frequently say our arm or leg has fallen asleep when it turns out to be temporarily paralyzed and numb. Mostly person feels crawling sensations and takes it lightly but as other pathological conditions, it must not be neglected.

The majority of individuals experience temporary or transitory , with the related feelings of pins and needles eventually in their lives when they have remained in a sitting position with their legs crossed for a really long time, or has fallen asleep with an arm underneath of their head. Paresthesia is something that may happen when sustained pressure is put on a nerve. The sensation fades immediately when the pressure is relieved.

Chronic or intermittent parasthesias over a drawn out stretch of time is by and large an indication of a neurological disease or traumatic nerve damage. parasthesia more often emerges from nerve damage because of infections, inflammation, injury, or other unusual processes.

Paresthesia is rarely due to life-threatening issues; however, it occurs as a result of and tumors. Though paresthesia is loss sensation, paralysis, for the most part, includes both loss movement and the loss of sensations.

Paresthesia Definition

Here is how tp define paresthesia medically:

Paresthesia is an abnormal sensation of tingling or prickling (like pins and needles), caused chiefly by pressure on or damage to peripheral nerves.

What is Paresthesia?

It is a Greek word, Para means abnormal and esthesia means feeling. The term, Paresthesia, alludes to a prickling or burning sensation that a man encounters in their feet, legs, arms, or hands; in spite of the fact that it might likewise happen in different parts of their body. The sensation, which can happen abruptly, is regularly effortless and has been described as numbness or tingling, skin crawling or itching.

Sensations from the skin are conveyed from the skin by means of sensory nerves through the spinal cord, or by means of Trigeminal nerve and brainstem to the brain. Disorder at any level of these neural pathways can bring about paresthesia. There are two types of paresthesia i.e. Transient paresthesia and Chronic paresthesia.

What is Paresthesia? Definition, Causes, Treatment, Symptoms, ICD 9

Paresthesia Causes, Treatment, Symptoms

Let’s learn more about Paresthesia causes, treatment, symptoms, and ICD 9-10 medical documentation.

Paresthesia Causes

There are many causes of paresthesia depending upon the type.

Transient Paresthesia Causes

Transient paresthesia, enduring from few seconds to a few minutes, regularly depicted as feelings of pins and needles, may be because of:

  1. Obdormition – numbness brought on by prolonged pressure on the nerve, as when you fold your legs and leg fall asleep. Such paraesthesia vanishes step by step as the pressure is relieved.
  2. Whiplash Injuries
  3. Hyperventilation syndrome
  4. Panic attack
  5. Dehydration
  6. Transient ischemic attack (TIA), sometimes alluded as “mini stroke
  7. Beta-alanine ingestion
  8. Seizures
  9. Raynaud phenomenon
  10. Inadequate blood supply in atherosclerotic veins in the legs (in Burger disease, paresthesia is accompanied with calf torment)

Chronic Paresthesia Causes

Long lasting, Enduring or repeating paraesthesia can arise from:

  1. Brain, spinal cord or peripheral nerve disorder: stroke, intra-cerebral hemorrhage, trauma, , tumors, encephalitis, meningitis, disc herniation, cervical spondylosis, pressure on the nerve (carpal tunnel syndrome, sciatica), neuralgia.
  2. Circulatory (heart and vessels) issue: angina pectoris, atherosclerosis, arterial occlusion, vasculitis, vertebrobasilar circulatory disorders.
  3. Metabolic and hormonal issue: , hypoglycemia, hypothyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, Conn disorder, menopause, unusual blood levels of calcium, potassium or sodium, uremia, porphyria.
  4. Fibromyalgia
  5. Malignancies
  6. Headaches or Migraines
  7. Certain medications withdrawal like Benzodiazepines
  8. Herpes Zoster infections (Shingles)
  9. Skin problems: blazes, frostbite, Ito syndrome, acrodynia, acroparesthesia
  10. Joint disorders: Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, Osteomalacia
  11. Alcohol, , drugs
  12. Deficiency of Vitamin B1, B5 and B12
  13. Blood issue: thrombosis, polycythemia, thrombocytosis, leukemia
  14. Connective tissue and immune system illnesses: rheumatoid joint inflammation, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjögren’s disorder, pernicious anemia, diabetes
  15. Radiation exposure, chemotherapy
  16. Psychological disorders: anxiety, panic attack, psychiatric disease

Paresthesia Symptoms

Interestingly, parathesia itself is something that can be viewed as a manifestation of certain conditions. At the point when parathesia is created by a specific condition, extra symptoms may turn into a piece of the individual’s experience, identified with the fundamental cause. Paresthesia shows up all of a sudden, is normally painless. The indications of paresthesia may include:

  • Itching
  • Tingling
  • Burning
  • Foot drop
  • Dysarthria
  • Numbness
  • Muscular atrophy
  • Ocular Dysmetria
  • Restless leg disorder
  • Crawling sensation on the skin
  • Falling asleep of limbs, for example, hand, foot, arm, leg, and so on.
  • Muscle weakness (loss of strength)
  • Cramps
  • Abnormal reflexes
  • Warmth or cool sensations
  • Paleness or redness
  • Swelling
  • Rash
  • Anxiety or confusion
  • Frequent urination (polyuria)
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • Changes in vision
  • Dizziness
  • Paralysis

Tingling is some of the time inaccurately depicted as itchiness. Itchiness incites desire to scratch, while tingling does not. Burning is additionally not the same as tingling, yet rather a type of pain.

Paresthesia Treatment

Treatment of paresthesia relies on upon an exact diagnosis of the basic reason.
For individuals with limbs that have fallen asleep, restoration of circulation through working out, stretching, or massaging the affected limb can quickly disperse the tingling sensations.
In the event that the paresthesia is because of a chronic disease, for example, diabetes, or happens as a complication treatment is based on relief of symptoms.

Individuals with more troublesome paresthesia may be administered anti-depressants.
There are likewise various alternative therapies accessible to help with easing the indications of parathesia.

Nutritional treatment can incorporate B complex vitamin supplementation, especially vitamin B12.
Acupuncture, Needle therapy, and massage are likewise accepted to give a level of relief from the indications of paresthesia. Self-massage with essential oils is supportive too. The utilization of topical treatments that contain capsaicin the substance that makes hot peppers hot may give relief from parathesis.

Paresthesia ICD 9 – 10

For medical documentation of Paresthesia in ICD 9 or ICD-10cm codes use following:

  • ICD-9CM Code 782.0 Skin sensation disturb
  • ICD-10CM Code R20.2 Paresthesia of skin.

It applies to Paresthesia of facial, fingers, hand, arms, legs including following:

  • Abnormal skin sensitivity
  • Altered sensation of skin
  • Burning sensation of skin
  • Disturbance of skin sensation
  • Dysesthesia (abnormal sensation)
  • Has tingling sensation
  • Hypesthesia
  • Hypoesthesia (reduced sensation)
  • Left arm paresthesia
  • Left leg paresthesia
  • Numbness and tingling sensation of skin
  • Paresthesia (numbness/tingling)
  • Paresthesia (numbness/tingling) of arm
  • Paresthesia (numbness/tingling) of leg
  • Paresthesia of left upper limb
  • Paresthesia of lower extremity
  • Paresthesia of right upper limb
  • Paresthesia of upper limb
  • Paresthesia, lower limb
  • Paresthesia, upper limb
  • Prickling sensation of skin
  • Right arm paresthesia
  • Right leg paresthesia
  • Sensation of burning of skin
  • Sensation of burning or prickling of skin
  • Sensory disorder, burning or prickling sensation, skin
  • Tingling sensation

About Dr. Arslan Malik

Dr. Arslan Malik
Arslan Malik is noted health blogger, public health activist, aspiring dreamer and avid reader. With doctor in pharmacy, he has worked closely with various health organizations, multinational pharmaceuticals and community health programs. Beside his professional practice, he has an avid interest in writing and teaching Physiology and Medicines. He covers variety of topics from Nutrition and Natural Care to Diseases, Treatments, Drug Interactions, Preventive Care and Clinical Research.

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