Learn all about Fibromyoma meaning, types, symptoms, causes and treatment.
Uterine fibroids are the commonest tumor affecting the female reproductive tract. In many instances they are asymptomatic, but in some women there does appear to be an association with heavy menstrual blood loss and subfertility.
Fibroids cannot be prevented. However if a woman keeps her weight within the healthy weight range (BMI) for her height, she may reduce her risk of developing fibroids. Women with fibroids who choose to use contraceptive pills (which contain synthetic estrogen) should stay in contact with their doctor to ensure that symptoms do not develop or worsen
Fibroids might grow back after surgery. Classically treatment has been surgical with hysterectomy the most common approach for women who have completed their fertility and myomectomy for those who wish to conceive. The surgery can be carried out laparoscopically, vaginally and abdominally, although all routes are associated with an appreciable rate of morbidity.
What is Fibromyoma?
Fibromyoma is a mixed tumor containing both fibrous and muscle tissue. Sometimes these tumors become quite large and cause severe abdominal pain and heavy periods. In other cases, they cause no signs or symptoms at all. The growths are typically benign, or noncancerous. The cause of fibroids is unknown.
The type of fibroid a woman develops depends on its location in or on the uterus.
- Intramural fibroids are the most common type of fibroid. These types appear within the muscular wall of the uterus. Intramural fibroids may grow larger and can stretch your womb.
- Subserosal fibroids form on the outside of your uterus, which is called the serosa. They may grow large enough to make your womb appear bigger on one side.
- Subserosal tumors can develop a stem, a slender base that supports the tumor. When they do, they’re known as pedunculated fibroids.
- These types of tumors develop in the middle muscle layer, or myometrium, of your uterus. Sub mucosal tumors aren’t as common as the other types.
- Cervical; This type of fibroids develop in the wall of cervix.
In many cases, fibroids do not cause any obvious symptoms and it is quite common for a woman to have tumors without knowing it.
- heavier than usual menstrual bleeding
- bleeding between periods
- abdominal swelling
- feeling of pelvic pressure or heaviness
- urge to pass urine (as fibroid presses on bladder)
- feeling of constipation (as fibroid presses on bowel)
- difficulty conceiving (due to pressure on fallopian tubes)
- A definitive cause of fibroids is unknown, but they appear to be related to estrogen. This relationship between fibroids and estrogen is known because tumors grow when taking birth control pills containing estrogen and during pregnancy when more hormones are released.
- Estrogen and progesterone are the hormones produced by the ovaries. They cause the uterine lining to regenerate during each menstrual cycle and may stimulate the growth of fibroids.
- Fibroids may run in the family. If your mother, sister, or grandmother has a history of this condition, you may develop it as well.
- Pregnancy increases the production of estrogen and progesterone in your body. Fibroids may develop and grow rapidly while you’re pregnant
- Gui Zhi Fu Ling Tang (GFLT), a traditional Chinese medicine formula
- applying heat for cramps (avoid heat if you experience heavy bleeding)
Dietary changes can help as well. Avoid meats and high-calorie foods. Instead, opt for foods high in flavonoids, green vegetables, green tea, and cold-water fish such as tuna or salmon. Managing your stress levels and losing weight if you’re overweight can also benefit women with fibroids.
Medications to regulate your hormone levels may be prescribed to shrink fibroids. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists, such as leuprolide (Lupron), will cause your estrogen and progesterone levels to drop. This will eventually stop menstruation and shrink fibroids.
Other options that can help control bleeding and pain, but won’t shrink or eliminate fibroids, include:
- an intrauterine device (IUD) that releases the hormone progestin
- over-the-counter (OTC) anti-inflammatory pain relievers, such as ibuprofen (Advil)
- Birth control pills.
- If your condition worsens, or if no other treatments work, your physician may perform a hysterectomy. However, this means that you won’t be able to bear children in the future.
- Myomectomy: A surgical procedure done to remove only the tumors from the uterus. This procedure is more dangerous than a hysterectomy, but it is an option if you still desire to get pregnant.
- Embolization: This is a surgical procedure that involves cutting off the blood supply to the fibroid. This is a common procedure when symptoms are not severe.
- Myolysis: A procedure which uses electric shock to shrink the fibroids.