Prostate is a small walnut-shaped gland that produces the seminal fluid which is essential for the proper development of sperms.Prostate cancer is cancer of prostate gland. Prostate cancer is common type of cancer in men.
Prostate cancer progress slowly and remains confined to the prostate gland.prostate cancer has many types in which some are less fatal and have slow progression while others are highly progressive and fatal.
Prostate Cancer Signs and Symptoms in Men
Sometimes Prostate cancer has no sign and symptoms at its initial stage but with the passage of time when cancer becomes advance then it shows sign and symptoms. Prostate cancer in men that is more advanced may cause signs and symptoms such as:
- Trouble urinating
- Decreased force in the stream of urine
- Blood in the urine
- Blood in the semen
- General pain in the lower back, hips or thighs
- Discomfort in the pelvic area
- Bone pain
- Erectile dysfunction
- Fecal incontinence
- Increase urination at night(Nocturia)
- General debility
Prostate Cancer Causes in Men
If we see what are the Causes of Prostate Cancer, main cause of prostate cancer is still unknown but number of risk factors that have very important role in the development of prostate cancer are discussed below.
Prostate Cancer caused by Genetic Predispositions
Genetic predisposition means if person has family history of being involved in prostate cancer then there are 30-40% chances that one can also be affected by same disease.No one single gene is being involved in prostate cancer number of different genes have been implicated.
Other genes associated with genetic predisposition are Hereditary Prostate cancer gene 1 , androgen receptor, and the vitamin D receptor.
Prostate Infection could cause Prostate Cancer
Infection of prostate is termed as prostatitis.This infection may be caused by bacteria,virus or sexually transmitted.This infection or prostatitis will cause inflammation and swelling of prostate.This inflammation of the prostate may increase the risk of prostate cancer but it is still controversial because other studies has shown different results.
Moreover, sexually transmitted diseases (STD) such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis may also increase the risk of prostate cancer..Another important risk factor of prostate cancer is obesity and elevated blood levels of testosterone.
Prostate Cancer Caused by Aging
Age factor is another important cause of prostate cancer because with passage of time prostate become large known as prostate hypertrophy while some people develop benign prostatic hypertrophy which is tumorous form of prostate.Age related prostate cancer is common in age of 60’s and onward.Best way to diagnose age related prostate cancer is identification prostate specific antigen and digital ultrasound that told you that what is the actual size of your prostate.
Prostate Cancer due to Dietary Deficiencies
Research has shown that dietary deficiencies have also role in development of prostate cancer.Deficiency of minerals and important nutrients like selenium,zinc,biotin,calcium,vitamin B12 and vitamin D have role in prostate cancer development.Vitamin D is most important vitamin necessary for healthy prostate.
For further learning please watch our video on prostate cancer–A complete Overview![youtube id=”2d9CG9jchnk”]